librosa.segment.subsegment

librosa.segment.subsegment(data, frames, n_segments=4, axis=- 1)[source]

Sub-divide a segmentation by feature clustering.

Given a set of frame boundaries (frames), and a data matrix (data), each successive interval defined by frames is partitioned into n_segments by constrained agglomerative clustering.

Note

If an interval spans fewer than n_segments frames, then each frame becomes a sub-segment.

Parameters
datanp.ndarray

Data matrix to use in clustering

framesnp.ndarray [shape=(n_boundaries,)], dtype=int, non-negative]

Array of beat or segment boundaries, as provided by librosa.beat.beat_track, librosa.onset.onset_detect, or agglomerative.

n_segmentsint > 0

Maximum number of frames to sub-divide each interval.

axisint

Axis along which to apply the segmentation. By default, the last index (-1) is taken.

Returns
boundariesnp.ndarray [shape=(n_subboundaries,)]

List of sub-divided segment boundaries

See also

agglomerative

Temporal segmentation

librosa.onset.onset_detect

Onset detection

librosa.beat.beat_track

Beat tracking

Notes

This function caches at level 30.

Examples

Load audio, detect beat frames, and subdivide in twos by CQT

>>> y, sr = librosa.load(librosa.ex('choice'), duration=10)
>>> tempo, beats = librosa.beat.beat_track(y=y, sr=sr, hop_length=512)
>>> beat_times = librosa.frames_to_time(beats, sr=sr, hop_length=512)
>>> cqt = np.abs(librosa.cqt(y, sr=sr, hop_length=512))
>>> subseg = librosa.segment.subsegment(cqt, beats, n_segments=2)
>>> subseg_t = librosa.frames_to_time(subseg, sr=sr, hop_length=512)
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots()
>>> librosa.display.specshow(librosa.amplitude_to_db(cqt,
...                                                  ref=np.max),
...                          y_axis='cqt_hz', x_axis='time', ax=ax)
>>> lims = ax.get_ylim()
>>> ax.vlines(beat_times, lims[0], lims[1], color='lime', alpha=0.9,
...            linewidth=2, label='Beats')
>>> ax.vlines(subseg_t, lims[0], lims[1], color='linen', linestyle='--',
...            linewidth=1.5, alpha=0.5, label='Sub-beats')
>>> ax.legend()
>>> ax.set(title='CQT + Beat and sub-beat markers')
../_images/librosa-segment-subsegment-1.png