Presets

This notebook demonstrates how to use the presets package to change the default parameters for librosa.

# Code source: Brian McFee
# License: ISC

We’ll need numpy and matplotlib for this example

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Import the Preset class
from presets import Preset


# To use presets, we'll make a dummy import of librosa
# and the display submodule here.
import librosa as _librosa
import librosa.display as _display
# The assignment here is to circumvent python's inability
# to rename submodule imports within the package
_librosa.display = _display
By default, librosa uses the following parameters across all functions:
  • sr=22050 (sampling rate)

  • hop_length=512 (number of samples between frames)

  • n_fft=2048 (number of samples per frame in STFT-like analyses)

You may want to change these values to suit your application, but doing so consistently in every function call can be somewhat cumbersome.

Presets makes it easy to do this all at once by wrapping the module and all function calls, and overriding default arguments.

# First, we need to set up the preset-wrapped librosa import

librosa = Preset(_librosa)

# To change the default sampling rate, we can set the `sr` entry:
librosa['sr'] = 44100

# and similarly for hop_length and n_fft
librosa['hop_length'] = 1024
librosa['n_fft'] = 4096

# In general, when you set `librosa['X']` for any string `X`, anywhere within
# librosa where the parameter `X` occurs as a keyword-argument,
# its default value will be replaced by whatever value you provide.

Now we can load in a file and do some analysis with the new defaults

filename = librosa.ex('fishin')

y, sr = librosa.load(filename, duration=5, offset=35)

# Generate a Mel spectrogram:

M = librosa.feature.melspectrogram(y=y)

# Of course, you can still override the new default manually, e.g.:

M_highres = librosa.feature.melspectrogram(y=y, hop_length=512)


# And plot the results
fig, ax = plt.subplots(nrows=3, sharex=True, sharey=True)

librosa.display.specshow(librosa.power_to_db(M, ref=np.max),
                         y_axis='mel', x_axis='time', ax=ax[0])

ax[0].set(title='44100/1024/4096')
ax[0].label_outer()

librosa.display.specshow(librosa.power_to_db(M_highres, ref=np.max),
                         hop_length=512,
                         y_axis='mel', x_axis='time', ax=ax[1])
ax[1].set(title='44100/512/4096')
ax[1].label_outer()

# We can repeat the whole process with different defaults, just by
# updating the parameter entries
librosa['sr'] = 11025

y2, sr2 = librosa.load(filename, duration=5, offset=35)
M2 = librosa.feature.melspectrogram(y=y2, sr=sr2)

librosa.display.specshow(librosa.power_to_db(M2, ref=np.max),
                         y_axis='mel', x_axis='time', ax=ax[2])

ax[2].set(title='11025/1024/4096')
44100/1024/4096, 44100/512/4096, 11025/1024/4096

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.640 seconds)

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